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1841 Census Scotland

Census Records 1841

The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: Place (name of village, street, square, close, etc.), Name of each person that had spent the night in that household, Age FN1, Sex (indicated by which column the age is recorded in), Profession or occupation, Where born FN2

Enumeration forms were distributed to all households before the census night and the complete forms were collected the next day by the enumerators. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 6/7 June 1841 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were copied into enumerators' books and sent to the Registrar General's office in London. These copies are the records we can view images of today. The original householders' schedules were destroyed.

The clerks who compiled and reviewed the census data made a variety of marks on the returns. Unfortunately, many of these tally marks were written over personal information and some fields, such as ages, can be difficult to read as a result. More useful marks include a single slash (/) between households (families) within a building and a double slash (//) separating households in separate buildings.

FN1The ages of people over 15 years old were usually rounded down to the nearest 5 years. Therefore, someone who was actually 24 years would have their age listed as 20, and someone who was actually 27 years old would have their age listed as 25. If people lied about their ages, or if their real ages were not known or reported correctly, the gap between the rounded age recorded on the census and their actual age may be quite significant.
FN2The "Where Born" column only asked two questions - 1) whether born in same county, and 2) whether Foreigner or whether born in England or Ireland. Possible answers and abbreviations to question #1 include: Yes (Y), No, (N), or Not Known (NK). For question #2, the following abbreviations were used: England/Wales (E), Ireland (I), and Foreign Parts (F).

How the census forms are organized

Localities were organized into enumeration districts. These districts were roughly equivalent to parishes, but not always. A description of the district and its boundaries is given at the beginning of each new enumeration district.

The returns are generally organized by parish and enumeration district. Each parish has been assigned a "Parish Number". This number was originally assigned in 1855 when civil registration began being kept. The numbers were assigned in a general north to south, and east to west direction by county. Within each county, numbers were assigned in alphabetical order by parish name. Since parish numbers weren't assigned until 1855 and this census was taken in 1841, the numbers were applied to the census retroactively for reference purposes.

Known problems with the 1841 Census

The following is a list of parishes (with their parish numbers and counties) that are known to be missing (either because there is no data for them, or because the original records are missing):

Parish Number Parish Name County
  • 93 Cromdale Moray
  • 167 Seafield Banffshire
  • 324 Aberfeldy Perthshire
  • 367 Kinloch Rannoch Perthshire
  • 400 Abdie Fifeshire
  • 406 Auchtermuchty Fifeshire
  • 409 Balmerino Fifeshire
  • 415 Ceres Fifeshire
  • 416 Collesie Fifeshire
  • 418 Creich Fifeshire
  • 419 Cults Fifeshire
  • 420 Cupar Fifeshire
  • 421 Dairsie Fifeshire
  • 423 Dunbog Fifeshire
  • 439 Kinghorn Fifeshire
  • 440 Kinglasie Fifeshire
  • 442 Kirkcaldy Fifeshire
  • 444 Leslie Fifeshire
  • 509 Cumlodden Argyllshire
  • 535 Tarbert Argyllshire
  • 556 Lochranza Buteshire
  • 557 North Bute Buteshire
  • 577 Auchinleck Ayshire
  • 776 Kirkhope Selkirkshire
  • 809 Teviothead Roxburghshire
  • 862 Corsock Bridge Kirkcudbrightshire

Where to Find Census Records


Ancestry.com Free Access or 14 Day FREE trial on Ancestry.co.uk Census Returns are available from District Libraries and County Record Offices or from your local FHC (Family History Center). Search the Family History Library Catalogue for 1841 census returns available through your FHC

[$] 1841 Scotland Census is now available at Ancestry.uk and on Ancestry.com. Use the


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Blank 1841 Census Forms

This blank census form is for use with the England and Wales census. The files are PDF files. To view them you will need to have Adobe® Acrobat® Reader installed. If you don't have Acrobat Reader you can download it for free

1841 Census
United Kingdom Census Blank Forms

Sample 1841 Census Return

Online Census Records 1841

Choose your County for Links to Online Census Records for England:

NOTE:Keep checking back as I find links for English Census records. Those English counties marked with Census Records online for England have links. As soon as I find census links for the other counties I will put them online

Bedfordshire Census Records online for England
Berkshire Census Records online for England
BuckinghamshireCensus Records online for England
CambridgeshireCensus Records online for England
CheshireCensus Records online for England
CornwallCensus Records online for England
Cumberland Census Records online for England
Derbyshire Census Records online for England
Devon Census Records online for England
DorsetCensus Records online for England
DurhamCensus Records online for England
Essex Census Records online for England
GloucestershireCensus Records online for England
HampshireCensus Records online for England
HerefordshireCensus Records online for England
Hertfordshire Census Records online for England
Huntingdonshire Census Records online for England
Kent Census Records online for England
LancashireCensus Records online for England
LeicestershireCensus Records online for England
Lincolnshire
London
Middlesex
Norfolk
Northamptonshire
Northumberland
Nottinghamshire
Oxfordshire
Rutland
Shropshire
Somerset Census Records online for England
Staffordshire Census Records online for England
Suffolk Census Records online for England
Surrey Census Records online for England
Sussex Census Records online for England
Warwickshire Census Records online for England
Westmorland Census Records online for England
Wiltshire Census Records online for England
Worcestershire
Yorkshire Census Records online for England
AllCensusRecords.com site provides census information and is useful to genealogists, family historians, one-name researchers and anyone wanting to know more about their English, Irish, Scottish & Welsh ancestors in 1841.


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